Dental prostheses: types of dental prostheses

Like many dental services, dental prosthetics is a topic that raises many questions and misunderstandings. Often, many people do not know which dental prostheses are better to put and how they differ from each other. Let's sort in order what types of dental prostheses exist, their features and which dental prosthesis is better to put.

What is dental prosthetics?

протезирование зубов в ригеDental prosthetics is a manipulation that allows to restore lost teeth with the help of dental structures (prosthesis). Simply put, these are false teeth.

Dental prostheses are divided into two categories: removable and non-removable. And there is also another group — a partially removable prosthesis, or a combined prosthesis. It includes both elements of a removable and non-removable prosthesis.

A partial removable prosthesis is used when a significant part of the teeth is lost, which is why it is physically impossible to install a non-removable prosthesis (dental bridge): the absence of supporting teeth at the place of loss on which the dental bridge can be placed does not allow the bone (its volume and quality), or the financial component can also influence because the cost of a combined dental prosthesis will be cheaper than a non-removable one.

Removable dental prostheses: types

There are several types of modern removable dental prostheses:

  • total plate (complete prosthetics);
  • partial prosthesis;
  • clasp prosthesis.

The total plate is suitable for you if you have completely lost the entire dentition. It consists of a base part (can be made of nylon, plastic or metal plastic), as well as teeth that are located on top of it.
Such a prosthesis is fixed due to suction. It fully reproduces the gingival relief, so a removable dental prosthesis kind of “sticks” to it. Also, after a time when the fixation begins to weaken, a denture fixing cream may be needed.

A partial dental prosthesis is intended for those who still have a part of their teeth. It has metal clips (hooks) that rest on their own teeth.

Clasp dental prosthetics is perhaps one of the most comfortable when it comes to removable dental prostheses. Clasp prosthesis is two parts of the prosthesis, which are interconnected by a thin metal arc that fits snugly against the mucosa. Clasp dental prostheses are very comfortable in everyday wear, despite the fact that they look quite massive, they take up much less space.

съемные протезы (removable dentures)

 

Non-removable dental prostheses: types

Non-removable prosthetics also has several types of prostheses:

  • prosthetic bridges;
  • dental crowns;
  • implant prosthetics.

The dental bridge is often used when the patient does not have one or several teeth in a row, but these “gaps” should be between two abutments. Thus, the adjacent teeth are sharpened and a small prosthetic bridge is made (3-4 teeth), which is then put on top of the teeth turned around the edges and fixed.

Dental crowns also belong to the category of fixed dental prostheses. You can read more about the types of dental crowns and their differences in this article.

Dental prostheses on implants are more reliable and look natural. You can put as one dental implant, in case of loss, and make a dental bridge with support on the implants, if, for example, you do not have two or three last teeth.

Partial removable dental prostheses (combined)

In some cases, for example, when there are no lateral teeth, and there are front teeth, you can put a partial dental prosthesis, but make it partially non-removable. It happens like this: neighboring teeth are grinded and a bridge is put, the remaining teeth are connected into a solid structure, which has additional special attachments. Due to which there are no hooks on a removable prosthesis, and the aesthetic appearance improves.

partial dentures (

Also, this design can be improved with two implants and without a bridge but adding 2 more supports. Then the prosthesis will not sag on the back of the teeth, hang out or stagger. Stabilization, coupling, and retention will improve.

Sign up for consultation, or ask your question on Facebook or in an e-mail.

author
ALEKSANDR MAKAROV
Dentist, surgeon, orthopedist

We use cookies to ensure the optimal use and functionality of the website. By clicking the "I Agree" button, you confirm that you agree to use cookies.

×
At the time of quarantine, admission is by appointment.
To book the time, call
Or fill out the form
OK