Sensitive teeth: what can you do about this?

Tooth sensitivity is a problem that almost every patient faces. The most unpleasant thing about it is that you have to give up your favorite food or endure pain when your teeth react to hot or cold, light wind, sour or sweet.

Some people appear strong tooth sensitivity from childhood. In others, it occurs suddenly as a result of injuries, fillings, and someone begins to suffer from it over time. Be that as it may, this problem can always be fixed, which we will discuss further.

Sensitivity — what is it and why does it arise?

The very first thing to do is to clearly separate toothache and sensitivity. Since sometimes patients confuse what is tooth sensitivity and what is a toothache.

By the way, if you have a toothache during quarantine, you can read what to do in this case in the article at this link.

By itself, the sensitivity of the tooth (it is also enamel hyperesthesia) is a painful sensation that can occur as a result of exposure to irritants on the teeth, namely:

  • cold and hot drinks/food;
  • sweet or sour;
  • cold air inhaling and exhaling;
  • abrasive toothpaste;
  • hard toothbrush;
  • professional whitening.

In addition, hyperesthesia can be caused by teeth grinding, so if you have this habit, it is better to try to get rid of it. Otherwise, it will be more expensive.

A low sensitivity threshold can be another cause of this problem. Often, in such patients, cold is the main irritant.

Also, if your teeth sensitivity has sharply increased, then this may be an echo of trauma or indicate that, for example, you have caries. Tooth enamel protects dentin (the base of the tooth) by completely covering it since it contains many nerve endings that react sharply to any external factors. That is why, when our enamel suffers, the whole tooth suffers, and you feel unpleasant pain.

Over time, the sensitivity of the tooth can still manifest itself in the place of the cement-enamel junction. This is the gap where the enamel ends and the transition to the root of the tooth begins, usually, it is covered by the gum. But due to the anatomical features, as well as time — the gum can "move away" or "sag", as a result of which this gap with dentin is exposed, and you can feel a piercing pain in contact with it.

What can you do about tooth sensitivity?

Hyperesthesia is not something that you can, but you need to get rid of, and depending on the situation, there are several ways how this can be implemented, including home treatment methods.

How to remove the teeth sensitivity if they hurt after injury / due to caries, etc.

Everything related to severe pain — it is necessary to make an appointment with a dentist to see a doctor, and there, based on the situation, a specialist will select a treatment method for you. You can find out how to determine if you have caries, as well as what methods of its treatment are available here.

Very often this problem is solved with a seal. It helps to restore the function of the enamel. The only negative is that you may still experience tooth sensitivity after filling for a while. But in a week, a maximum of two, this feeling goes away.

Another solution may be to install a crown, but this is for more severe cases.

How to reduce tooth sensitivity if there is no mechanical damage

If the tooth does not need to be treated, then you can use various fluoride products. For example, it can be toothpaste that reduces the sensitivity of the teeth, various gels, foams and rinses that cover the teeth with an invisible protective film. But their effect, unfortunately, is not long-term, since saliva quickly corrodes this coating, and you will have to use these funds again every hour or two.

What if you have a high sensitivity threshold?

You have 2 main options here. The first, and most undesirable, is the removal of the nerve. The second option is to reduce the sensitivity due to laser irradiation in Smile Office dentistry. In this case, the dental nerves become less sensitive, and you will not experience severe discomfort in the future. But this is not a 100% option due to the individual structure of each patient's tooth.

author
ALEKSANDR MAKAROV
Dentist, surgeon, orthopedist

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